Albania is situated in the western part of Balkan Peninsula. Albania is bordered on Greece (282 kilometres) in the south and south-east, by the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (151 kilometres) in the east, by Serbia (114 kilometres) and Monte Negro (173 kilometres) in the north and north-west. The western part of Albania is washed by the Adriatic Sea and the south-western part is washed by the Ionian Sea. The coastland of Albania runs 362 kilometres.
The most part of the landscape is covered by mountains and hills. Small plains, crossed by the rivers of Vjose, Drin and Mati, go along the seashore. Albania is rich in lakes. The biggest among them are Lake Shkoder in the north, Lake Ohrid and Lake Prespa in the east. The plough-lands take up the fifth part of the whole territory of the country, grazing lands and meadows occupy about 15% of the territory, bushes and forests take up 38%. There are natural resources such as gas, oil, coal, chrome, copper, and nickel here. Albania is also rich in timber.